Natal homing

Natal homing and connectivity in Atlantic bluefin tuna populations.
Rooker JR, Secor DH, De Metrio G, Schloesser R, Block BA, Neilson JD.
Department of Marine Biology, Texas A&M University, 5007 Avenue U, Galveston, TX 77551, USA.

Atlantic bluefin tuna populations are in steep decline, and an improved understanding of connectivity between individuals from eastern (Mediterranean Sea) and western (Gulf of Mexico) spawning areas is needed to manage remaining fisheries. Chemical signatures in the otoliths of yearlings from regional nurseries were distinct and served as natural tags to assess natal homing and mixing. Adults showed high rates of natal homing to both eastern and western spawning areas. Trans-Atlantic movement (east to west) was significant and size-dependent, with individuals of Mediterranean origin mixing with the western population in the U.S. Atlantic. The largest (oldest) bluefin tuna collected near the northern extent of their range in North American waters were almost exclusively of western origin, indicating that this region represents critical habitat for the western population.

Source: Article abstract from Science, October 2008; Science. 2008 Oct 31;322(5902):742-4. Epub 2008 Oct 2.